The University of Western Australia
*Akpabot, S. E. Football in Nigeria. London: Macmillan
|Traces the history of soccer in Nigeria, includes a discussion of the importance of the Onikan Stadium, Challenge Cup competitions and the organization of the Nigerian Football League.|
Arbena, Joseph. 'Nationalism and Sport in Latin America 1850-1990: The Paradox
of Promoting and Performing 'European' Sports' in J. A. Mangan (ed.). Tribal
Identities: Nationalism, Europe, Sport. London: Frank Cass, 1996, pp.
Assesses the effectiveness of sport in nation building in Latin America.
Archetti, Eduardo. 'In Search of National Identity: Argentinian Football and
Europe' in J. A. Mangan (ed.). Tribal Identities: Nationalism, Europe,
Sport. London: Frank Cass, 1996, pp. 201-219.
|Uses essentialist and constructivist models to examine both self and national identity.|
*Baker, W. J. and Mangan J. A. (eds). Sport in Africa: Essays in Social
History. New York: Africana Publishing Co, 1987.
|Examines the contribution of sport to national identity and unity, international visibility and Pan African cohesion in the history of independent Africa.|
*Beaud, Stephane. 'Omar au Parc Des Princes et Mohammed a Sens' Esprit
7, July 1996, pp. 168-171.
|Examines the explosive situation created in France by the loss of privileges of young French "de souche" compared with the increasing upward mobility of second generation "imigrés".|
*Clignet, R. and Stark, M. 'Modernization and the Game of Soccer in Cameroun'
International Review of Sport Sociology 3/4 - 9, 1974, pp. 81-98.
|Examines how in Cameroun the participation of players, officials and audiences is influenced by larger societal structures and processes and how soccer contributes to changes in the social structure.|
*Corea, Massirè. WEAH Mister George. Paris: Amphora, 1997.
|Proposes a biography of George Weah, a famous soccer player from Liberia.|
*Couzens, T. 'An Introduction to the History of Football in South Africa' in
Belinda Bozzoli (ed.). Town and Countryside in the Transvaal.
Johannesburg: Raven Press, 1983.
|Offers an overview of soccer in South Africa.|
Eggenhuizen, Ellen. 'Ruud Gullit, An Ambassador for Ethnic Minorities in the
Netherlands?' Innovation (Utrecht - Netherlands) 4 -2, pp. 235-243.
|Reflects on Dutch national identity and suggests that the Netherlands can maintain liberal multiculturalism by creating an open, collective identity in which celebrity immigrants can play a role.|
Guttman, Allen. Games and Empires: Modern Sports and Cultural
Imperialism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
|Formulates several generalizations in seeking to answer the question 'Is the diffusion of modern sports a form of cultural imperialism?'. Includes a section on soccer.|
*Hamel, Hedy. 'Out of Africa- Prized Players for the Past 50 Years' FIFA Magazine 27, December 1992, pp. 4-5, 7, 9, 11.
|Investigates the exodus of elite African football players to Europe and the effect of the transfer market on players.|
*Hargreaves, Jennifer. 'Women's Sport, Development and Cultural Diversity: The
South African Experience' Women's Studies International Forum 20- 2,
1997, pp. 191-209.
|Argues that in the restructuring of sport in South Africa, gender has been treated with less importance than race and ethnicity. Discusses the specific difficulties facing women's sport in South Africa.|
Hornby, Nick. Fever Pitch. Victor Gollancz, 1992.
|Offers a witty study of obsession, masculinity, class and soccer by an Arsenal fan.|
Horne, John. '"Sakka" in Japan' Media, Culture and Society 12- 4, 1996,
|Studies the globalization of sport in relation to soccer, (sakka) in Japan. Latin American players have been recruited and many of the spectators are women.|
*Igbinovia, Patrick, E. 'Soccer Hooliganism in Black Africa' International
Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 29-2, 1985, pp.
|The genesis, nature, extent, causes and characteristics of soccer hooliganism are examined and suggestions for its prevention and control are provided.|
Kapuscinski, Ryszard "The Soccer War" in Kapuscinski, Ryszard, The Soccer
War. [Trans. from the Polish by William Brand] NeW York: Knopf, 1991,
|Gives a witness account of the war between Honduras and San Salvador following the qualifying matches between the two countries for the right to take part in the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. The war raged for one hundred hours and resulted in 6,000 dead and 12,000 wounded.|
*Ly, Bocar. Foot-Ball: Histoire de la Coupe d'A.O.F. Dakar: Les
Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Sénégal, nd.
|Details the history of soccer in A.O.F. (French West Africa) from the first A.O.F. Cup which took place in Dakar in March 1947 to Independence. The book is divided into three parts: Birth of the A.O.F. Cup (1947-1950) - The peak of Dakar's football (1951-1955) - New champions emerging (1956-1960). This book inludes many pictures of players and teams of that period.|
*Maksimenko, A. M. and Barushimana, Antoine. 'Attitude Towards Sport Activity
of Top-Class Athletes of Central Africa' International Review of Sport
Sociology 2-3, 1978, pp. 37-50.
|Examines the attitudes towards sport activity held by Central African sports teams. Moral recognition and achieving high sports results were most commonly cited reasons for staying active.|
Mason, Tony. 'Futbol and Politics in Latin America' Race and Class 36-4, 1995, pp. 71-85.
|Outlines the relationship between soccer and politics in Brazil and Argentina; soccer is linked to national aspirations and identity.|
*McHenry, Dean Jr. 'The Use of Sports in Policy Implementation: The Case of
Tanzania' The Journal of Modern African Studies 18- 2, 1980, pp.
|Argues that Tanzania has been at the forefront of the use of sport for political purposes. Its use varies depending on urgency of objectives and the availability of alternative mechanisms.|
Moseley, Merritt. 'Nick Hornby, English Football and Fever Pitch' Aethlon:
Journal of Sports Literature 11- 2, 1994, pp. 87-92.
|Reviews Fever Pitch and shows the difference in style between being a sportswriter and a writer obsessed by sports.|
* Murray, Bill. Football: A History of the World Game. Aldershot:
Scholar Press, 1994.
|Places the growth of soccer in its social and cultural background. One chapter is on Africa, 'Out of Africa' pp. 229-256.|
Naul, R. 'Women's Soccer: A Different Game' Science and Football
(Barcelona) 4 Jan 1991, pp. 24-30.
|Argues that the attribution profile in women's soccer does not conform to the traditional 'feminine ideal' in sports.|
*Ntonfo, Andre. Football et Politique au Cameroun. Yaoundé:
Editions du Crac, 1994.
|Offers a comprehensive overview of soccer in Cameroon from colonial times until the early 1990s. The book mentions an impresive array of Cameroon clubs, players, officials, coaches etc. It places the game in its political, socio-cultural, tribal and historical environment and stresses the importance of the game in Cameroon.|
Pye, Geralyn. 'Political Football: Sports, Power and Machismo in Luisa Valenzuela's 'The Lizard's Tail' Studies in Latin American Popular Culture 13, 1994, pp. 115-127.
Redhead, Steve (ed.). The Passion and the Fashion: Football Fandom in the New
Europe. Aldershot: Avebury, 1993.
|Proposes a series of chapters on changes among football crowds, eg. increase in women fans and 'fanzines' and the mixing of football and various art forms.|
*Scotch, N. A. 'Magic, Sorcery and Football among Urban Zulu: A Case of
Reinterpretation under Acculturation' in J. C. Harris and R. J. Park (eds).
Play, Games and Sports in Cultural Contexts. Champaign Illinois: Human
Kinetics Publishers Inc, 1983, pp. 485-290.
|Argues that soccer serves a dual purpose by providing an opportunity for the release of anxiety and allowing the expression of hostility between Africans in the highly frustrating urban situation.|
Sterling, Phillip. 'Frederick Exley's a Fan's Notes: Football as Metaphor' Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 22-1, 1980, p. 39-46.
*Stuart, Ossie. 'Players, Workers, Protesters: Social Change and Soccer in
Colonial Zimbabwe' in J. MacClancy (ed.) Sport, Identity and Ethnicity.
Berg, London, 1996, pp. 167-180.
|Argues that soccer plays a central role in the imagined ethnicity of southern Africa.|
*Stuart, Ossie. 'The Lions Stir: Football in African Society' in Wagg, S (ed.).
Giving the Game Away: Football, Politics and Culture on Five Continents.
London: Leicester University Press, 1995, pp. 24-51.
|Suggests that African soccer has recently been transformed from a popular domestic past time to an important leisure industry and that the key to continuing improvement in the game lies in the involvement of South Africa.|
Suarez-Orozco, Marcelo Mario. 'A Study of Argentine Soccer: The Dynamics of its
Fans and their Folklore', The Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology 5-1, 1982, pp. 7-28.
|Argues that fans in Argentina are attracted to soccer in order to find a therapeutic outlet for their taboo thoughts regarding the fear machos have of being debased into a passive, emasculated role.|
*Thabe, G. A. and Mutloatse, M. It's a Goal: 50 Years of Sweat, Tears and
Drama in Black Soccer. Johannesburg: Skotsville Publishers, 1983.
|Proposes a history of black soccer clubs in South Africa.|
*Vasili, Phil. 'Colonialism and Football: The First Nigerian Tour to Britain'
Race and Class 36-4, 1995, pp. 55-70.
|Argues that in the atmosphere of growing African nationalism, the tour, in 1949, helped to encourage the growth of a Nigerian national identity.|
*Vasili, Phil. 'The Right Kind of Fellows: Nigerian Football Tourists as Agents
of Europeanization' International Journal of the History of Sport 11-2,
1994. pp. 191-211.
|Assesses the successful 1949 tour of Britain by Nigerian footballers which acted as a catalyst for the Europeanization and modernization of the game.|
Wagg, Stephen (ed.). Giving the Game Away: Football, Politics and Culture on
Five Continents. London: Leicester University Press, 1995.
|Reviews the cultural, political and historical context of soccer in a range of countries and continents by exploring the relationship between soccer, class, ethnicity and nationalism.|
Wagner, Eric. 'Sport in Asia and Africa: Americanization or
Mundialization?' Sociology of Sport Journal 7, 1990, pp. 399-402.
|Examines the Americanization of sport against a backdrop of four trends; globalization, worldwide interest in sport, the increasing power of the mass media and the political importance of sport.|
*Wagner, Eric. Sport in Asia and Africa: A Comparative Handbook. New
York: Greenwood Press, 1989.
|Compares a number of sports including soccer. Part 3, pp. 183-283, deals exclusively with African countries including Botswana, Zaire, Nigeria, Kenya.|
Dr. Cheryl Lange does research in the areas of multicultural and migrant affairs. Her current study is investigating the connections between ethnicity and mental illness. She has also done research on the experiences of women in Green political parties. She teaches English as a Second Language.